Form of Government
The Village of Granville is a home rule municipal corporation that has been organized in accordance with the provisions of the Ohio Revised Code. The Village has adopted a Charter, which gives it broader authority to manage its own municipal affairs. The Charter provides for a Council-Manager form of government. Even though the Village of Granville is one of only 15 villages in the State of Ohio that have the Council-Manager plan, the Council-Manager form has become the most popular structure of local government in the United States since its establishment in Staunton, Virginia in 1908.Today, there are more than 3,000 local governments operating under the Council-Manager form in the United States.
The Council-Manager form combines the strong political leadership of elected officials with the strong managerial experience of an appointed manager. The power and authority to approve legislation and to set broad policy rests with the elected Village Council. The Council, in turn, hires a nonpartisan manager who has broad authority to oversee and manage the day-to-day operations of the Village departments.
The Village Council consists of seven elected citizens serving staggered four-year terms that begin at the first regular meeting of December following the general election in odd-numbered years. Council is empowered to determine all matters of general policy by Ordinance or Resolution. The Council establishes the compensation levels of Village officials and employees. It enacts ordinances and resolutions relating to Village services, tax levies, appropriating and borrowing money, licensing and regulating businesses and trades, and other municipal purposes. The Council elects the Mayor and Vice Mayor from its members for two-year terms. The Mayor serves as the official and ceremonial head of the municipal government and as the presiding officer at meetings of the Council. In addition, the Mayor has all the judicial and military power granted to Mayors of municipal corporations by the laws of the State. The Vice-Mayor may perform the same duties in the absence of the Mayor. The Charter establishes certain administrative departments and authorizes the Council to establish additional departments, offices, and agencies as needed.
The Granville Village Manager is the Chief Administrative Officer of the Municipality. Appointed by the Village Council, the Manager is responsible for the administration of all municipal affairs as assigned under the Charter of the Village of Granville. The Manager prepares and submits an annual budget and capital improvements program and administers the appropriations therein.
Serving a two-year term at the discretion of the Village Manager and Village Council, the Village Clerk is responsible for publishing and recording all actions of Council, advertising public hearings, meetings, and maintaining permanent records of the municipality. The Clerk’s office is the central point of information and communication for residents of the Village of Granville. Public records, files, and current topical information are available for review during regular business hours.
Other principal officers of the Village are the Finance Director and Law Director.