Granville Community Calendar

Ordinance 22-1989

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I: Chapter 1135 of the Codified Ordinances of the
Village of Granville is hereby amended to read
as follows:
a) Interpretation of Language: Unless the context
otherwise requires, the following definitions shall be
used in the interpretation and construction of the
Zoning Ordinance. Words used in the present tense shall
include the future; the singular number shall include
the plural, and the plural the singular; the word
used" shall include "arranged, designed, constructed,
altered, converted, rented, leased" or "intended to be
used,"and the word "shall" is mandatory and not
1) Accessory use or structure" means a use or
structure subordinate to the principal use of land
which is located on the same lot serving a purpose
customarily incidental to the use of the principal
building or land use.
2) Agriculture" means the use of land for agricultural
purposes, including farming, dairying,
pasturage, agriculture, horticulture, floriculture,
viticulture, and animal and poultry
husbandry and the necessary accessory uses for
packing, treating or storing the produce;
provided, however, that the operation of any such
accessory uses shall be secondary to that of
normal agricultural activities and provided
further that the above uses shall not include the
commercial feeding of garbage or offal to swine or
other animals.
3) Alley or Lane" means a public or private way not
more than thirty feet wide affording only
secondary means of access to abutting property.
4) Apartment". See "dwelling, multi-family".
Apartment house". See "dwelling, multi-family".
Automobile or trailer sales area" means an open
area, other than a street, used for the display,
sale or rental of new or used motor vehicles or
trailers in operable condition and where no repair
work is done, including farm implements, boats,
motorcycles, bicycles, lawn mowers, etc.
7) Automobile service station" or "filling station"
means a building or other structure or a tract of
land where gasoline, kerosene or any other motor
vehicles is dispenses directly to users of motor
8) Automobile Wash or Automatic Car Wash" means a
building or structure where mechanical devices are
employed for the purpose of washing motor
9) Automobile services" means the repair, rebuilding
or reconditioning of motor vehicles or parts
thereof, including collision service, painting and
steam cleaning of vehicles.
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 2
10) "Basement" means a story whose floor line is below
grade at any entrance or exit and whose ceiling is
not more than 5 feet above grade at any such
entrance or exit.
11) Bed and Breakfast" means a home occupation as
defined in Chapter 1181 of the Codified Zoning
Ordinance where the occupants of a dwelling unit
provide a sleeping room and breakfast prepared
and served on the premises for remuneration to
persons who are not family members.
12) Beginning of construction" means the excavation
and/ or the incorporation of labor and material
within the walls of the building or buildings.
13) Block".In describing the boundaries of a
district the word "block" refers to the legal
description. In all other cases, the word "block"
refers to the property abutting on one side of street between a two intersecting streets or a street and a railroad right of way or water
14) Board" means the Board of Zoning and Building
Appeals of the Village of Granville, Ohio.
15) Boarding house"or "lodging house" means a dwelling or part thereof occupied by a single
housekeeping unit where meals and lodging are provided for three or more persons for compensa- tion by previous arrangement, where no cooking or dinning facilities are provided in individual
16) Building" means any structure having a roof
supported by columns or walls, used or intended to
be used for the shelter or enclosure of persons, animals or property. When such a structure is
divided into separate parts by one or more unpierced walls extending from the ground up, each
part is deemed a separate building, except as regards minimum side yard requirements as hereinafter
17) Building, height of" means the vertical distance
from the average contact with ground level at the
front wall of the building to the highest point of the roof.
18) Building line" means the front yard setback; a line established by this Ordinance, generally
parallel with and measured perpendicularly from the front lot line, defining the limits of a front
yard in which no building or structure may be located except as may be provided by this Ordinance.
19) Business (commercial)" means a concentration of
a wide variety of offices and retail establishments
located on or at the intersection of
arterial streets as specified by the Master Plan. 20) Cemetery" means land used or intended to be used for the burial of the human dead and dedicated for
cemetery purposes, including columbariums,
crematories, mausoleums and mortuaries if operated in connection with, and within the boundaries of such cemetery.
21) City" or "Village" means the municipal
corporation of Granville, Licking County, Ohio. 22) Clinic" means a place used for the care, diagnosis and treatment of sick, ailing, infirm and injured persons and those who are in need of medical or surgical attention, but who are not provided with board or room nor kept overnight on the premises.
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 3
Conditional use" means a use which more intensely
affects the surrounding area in which it is
located than permitted uses in the same district.
A conditional use permit shall be granted if, review of the site upon plan, the Development
Commission determines that all criteria stated in
Chapter 1145 have been met.
Commission" means the Development Commission Of
the Village of Granville, Ohio.
Convalescent home" means a home designed for the
care of patients after they leave the hospital but
before they are released from observation and
Council" means the Council of the Village of
Granville, Ohio.
Court" means an open unoccupied and unobstructed
space, other than a yard, on the same lot with a building or group of buildings.
28) "Density" used as a unit of measurement, means the
number of dwelling units per acre of land.
A. "Gross density" means the number of dwelling
units per acre of land to be developed; that
is, including that area in publicly dedicated land.
B. Net density"means the number of dwelling
units per acre of land exclusive of that area in publicly dedicated land.
29) Development Disability" means a disability that
originated before the attainment of eighteen years of age and can be expected to continue
indefinitely, constitutes a substantial handicap
to the person' s ability to function normally in society, and is attributable to mental
retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, autism or
any other condition found to be closely related to mental retardation because such condition results
in similar treatment and services.
30) District" means all properties of the same use, height and area classification which adjoin or are continuous without intervening property or another classification, regardless of any street, alley,
easement or ,reserve that may intervene. Separate
districts idclude the Village District, the
Community Service District, the Suburban
Residential District, the Open Space District,
the University District and the Planned Districts
as indicated by the official Zoning Map. For a detailed definition, see the statement of purpose of each respective district.
31) "Dwelling unit" means space within a building
comprising living, dining, sleeping room or rooms, storage closets, as well as space and equipment
for cooking, bathing, and toilet facilities, all used by only one family and its household employees.
32) " Dwelling, single-family" means a building
consisting of a single dwelling unit only, separated from other dwelling units by open space. Dwelling, twof-amily"means a building consisting of two dwelling units which may be either attached side by side or one above the other, each unit having either a separate or combined entrance or entrances.
34) Dwelling, multi-family"means a building consist- ing of three or more dwelling units including condominiums with varying arrangements of entrances and party walls. Multi-family housing
muanyitsin.clude public housing and industrialized
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 4
35) Dwelling, industrialized unit" means an assembly
of materials or ptoducts comprising all or part of
a total structure which, when constructed, is
self-sufficient or substantially self-sufficient
when installed, constitutes a dwelling unit,
except for necessary preparations for its placement
Dwelling, mobile home" means an attached dwelling
unit designed to be transported on highways, and
when arriving at the site for placement involving
only minor and incidental unpacking, assembling
and connection operations, but which involves no
substantial reconstruction which would render the
unit unfit as a conveyance on the highway. The
unit shall be considered as real property if such
reconstruction is undertaken.
37) Easement" means an interest in land owned by
another that entities its holder to a specific
limited use or enjoyment.
38) "Essential services" means the erection,
construction, alteration or maintenance, by public
utilities or municipal or other governmental
agencies, of underground, surface or overhead gas,
electrical, steam or water transmission or
distribution systems, collection, communication,
supply or disposal systems, including poles,
wires, mains, drains, sewers, pipes, conduits,
cables, fire alarm boxes, police call boxes,
traffic signals, hydrants and other similar
equipment and accessories in connection therewith,
reasonably necessary for the furnishing of
adequate service by such public utilities or
municipal or other governmental agencies or for
the public health or safety or general welfare,
but not including buildings.
Family"means one or more persons related by
blood, adoption, marriage, guardianship or foster
parent contract, living together as a single
housekeeping unit, exclusive of household
servants. A number of persons not exceeding three
exclusive of household servants living together
as a single housekeeping unit but not related by
blood, adoption, marriage, guardianship or foster
parent contract shall be deemed to be a family.
A number of persons with developmental
disabilities not exceeding six, exclusive of not
more than two houseparents and employees caring
for the persons with developmental disabilities,
living together as a single housekeeping unit but
n6t related by blood, adoption, marriage,
guardianship or foster parent contract residing in
a dwelling unit which meets all specifications for
a family model home shall be deemed to be a
Family model home" means a dwelling unit occupied
as a home that provides room and board, personal
care, habilitation services and supervision in a
family setting for not more than six persons with
developmental disabilities, exclusive of not more
than two houseparents and employees caring for the
persons residing there with developmental
disabilities, and licensed and regulated by the
Ohio Department of Mental Retardation and
Developmental Disabilities.
Flood Plain" means that land,
floodway fringe and floodway,
inundation by the regional or 42) Flood". See Chapter 1177.
including the
subject to
100-year" flood.
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 5
Floodway fringe".See Chapter 1177.
Floodway". See Chapter 1177.
Garage or car port, private" means a detached
accessory building or a portion of the principal
building used by the occupants of the premises for
the storage of self-propelled vehicles or
Garage, public" means a structure or portion
thereof, other than a private garage, used for the
storage, sale, hire, care, repair or refinishing
of self-propelled vehicles or trailers.
Home occupation" means any occupation conducted
in a dwelling unit by a resident occupant.
See Chapter 1181.
Hospital" means a place used for the care,
diagnosis and treatment of sick, ailing, infirm or
injured persons, and those who are in need of
medical and surgical attention, and who are
provided with board or room or kept overnight on
the premises.
Hotel"m, o"tel" and a"partment hotel" means a building in which lodging or boarding and lodging
are provided and offered to the public for
compensation. As such it is open to the public in
contradistinction to a boarding house, rooming
house, lodging house, fraternity, sorority or
dormitory which is separately defined.
Industry" means the storage, repair, manufacture,
preparation or treatment of any article, substance
or commodity.
Junk or salvage yard" means a place where waste,
discarded or salvaged materials are bought, sold,
exchanged, baled, packed, disassembled or handled,
including auto wrecking yards, house wrecking
yards, used lumber yards and places or yards for
storage of salvaged house wrecking and structural
steel materials and equipment; but not including
such places where such uses are conducted entirely
within a completely enclosed building, and not
including pawn shops and establishments for the
sale, purchase or storage of used furniture and
household equipment, used cars in operable
condition, or salvaged materials incidental to
manufacturing operations.
Kennel or Cattery"means any lot or premises on which four or more domesticated animals more than
four months of age are either commercially housed,
groomed, bred, boarded, trained or sold.
Land Use Plan" means the long-range plan for the
desirable use of land in the Village, as
officially adopted and as amended from time to
time by the Village Development Commission the
purpose of such plan being, among other things,
to serve as a guide in the zoning and progressive
changes in the zoning of land to meet changing
needs, in the subdividing and use of undeveloped
land, and in he acquisition of rights of way or sites for public purposes such as streets, parks,
schools and public buildings.
Light industrial" means industrial activities
which are generally free of nuisance from noise,
dust, smoke, odor or vibration.
55) Planned industrial" means coordination and
integration of industrial uses designed as separate elements of one specific site layout.
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 6
56) "Loading space" means an off-street space or berth
on the same lot with a building or contiguous to a
group of buildings for temporary parking of a
commercial vehicle while loading or unloading
merchandise or materials.
57) Lot" means a division of land separated from
other divisions for purposes of sale, lease or
separate use, described on a recorded subdivision
plat, or by metes and bounds.
58) "Lot, corner" means a lot located at the intersection
of two or more streets. A lot abutting on
a curved street or streets shall be considered a
corner lot if the side lot lines to the foremost
depth of the lot meet at an interior angle of less
than 135 degrees. Irrespective of building
orientation, on a corner lot the setback for the
front yard for that use shall apply to all sides
of a lot having frontage on publicly dedicated
rights of way.
59) Lot coverage" means the ratio of the enclosed
ground floor area of all buildings on a lot to the
horizontally projected area of the lot, expressed
as a percentage.
60) Lot line, front" means the lot line separating an
interior lot from the street right of way upon
which it abuts or the shortest lot line of a
corner lot which abuts upon a street right of way.
Unless the context clearly indicates the contrary,
it shall be construed as synonymous with street
right of way.
61) Lot measurement":
A. Lot depth"means the mean horizontal
distance of a lot measured between the front
and rear lot lines.
B. Lot width" means the width of a lot at the
building setback line measured at right
angles to its depth.
62) Lot, minimum area of" means the area of a lot
computed exclusive of any portion of the right of
way of any public thoroughfare.
63) Lot of record" means a lot which is part of the
original Village Plat or a subdivision recorded in
the office of the County Recorder, or a lot or
parcel described by metes and bounds, the description
of which has been so recorded.
64) Lot line, rear" means that lot line which is
Opposite and furthest removed from the front lot
line. In such a lot where the side lot lines meet
to the rear of the lot, or where the rear lot line
is less than ten feet, the minimum rear yard shall
be computed from the point of intersection of the
side lot lines on an imaginary line that is at
equal angles from each side lot line. In the case
of a cornerf lot, the rear lot line is opposite and
most further removed from the front lot line of
least dimension.
65) "Manufacturing". See "industry".
66) Mineral" means any material quarried, mined or otherwise extracted from the earth which is
intended to be used as a commercial product.
67) Mobile home". See "dwelling, mobile home".
68) Mobile home park" means any site or tract of land
under single ownership, upon which two mobile homes used or more for habitation are parked,
either free of charge or for revenue purposes; including any roadway, building, structure,
vehicle or enclosure used or intended for use as a
part of the facilities of such park.
Ordinance No.
Page 7
Nonconforming use" means the use of land or a
building, or a portion thereof, which does not
conform with the use regulations of the district
of the district in which it is situated (see
Section 1149.01).
Nursery (plant material)" means a space including
accessory buildings or structures for the growing
or storage of live trees, shrubs or plant
materials which may be offered for retail sale on
the premises, including products used for
gardening or landscaping.
Nursery (day care center)" means a facility which
temporarily assumes responsibility for children in
their parent' s absence.
Nursing home" includes convalescent and extended
care facilities, and means an establishment which
specializes in providing necessary services to
those unable to be responsible for themselves.
Open space" means that part of a zoning lot,
including courts or yards, which is open and
unobstructed from its lowest level to the sky,
accessible to all tenants upon the zoning lot.
Open space also means unique, natural scenic land
areas and land areas that are characterized by a
rural quality having an absence of development or
as defined by surrounding development.
Parking area, private" means an open area for the
same uses as a private garage.
Parking area, public" means an open area, other
than a street or other public way, used for the
parking of automobiles and available to the public
whether for a fee, free or as an accommodation for
clients or customers.
Parking space" means a permanently surfaced area
not less than 200 square feet, either with a
structure or in the open, exclusive of driveways
or access drives for the parking of one motor
Permitted use" means a class of specific uses of
land and/ or structures which is allowed by right
within a designated zoning district, given conformance
to site development and other criteria as
specified within this Zoning Ordinance.
Recreational vehicles sales area". See
Automobile sales area".
Research activities" means research, development
and testing related to such fields as chemical,
pharmaceutical, medical, electrical, transportation
and engineering. All research testing and
development shall be carried on within entirely
enclosed buildings, and no noise, smoke, glare,
vibration or odor shall be detected outside of
such building.
Rooming houde" means a dwelling occupied by an
owner and three or more rent-paying persons, by
a duly authorized agent of an owner and three or
more rent-paying persons, or by four or more
persons unrelated by blood, adoption, marriage,
guardianship or foster parent contract. A family
model home as defined in this section shall not
be deemed to be a rooming house.
School, elementary and high" means an institution
of learning which offers instruction in the
several branches of learning and study required
to be taught in the schools by the applicable laws
of the State. High schools include junior and senior grades.
82) Sign" means any device as defined in
Section 1189.02(a).
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 8
Stable, commercial" means a stable for horses,
donkeys, mules or ponies which are let, hired,
used or boarded on a commercial basis and for
Stable, private" means an accessory building for
the keeping of horses, donkeys, mules or ponies
owned by the occupant of the premises and not kept
for remuneration, hire or sale.
Standard, performance" means a criterion
established in the interest of protecting the
public health and safety from the control of
noise, odor, smoke, noxious gases and other
objectionable or dangerous elements generated by
and inherent in or incidental to land use.
Story" means that portion of a building, included
between the surface of any floor above it, then
the space between the floor and the ceiling next
above it.
Street" " thoroughfare" means a public or private
way for the purposes of vehicular travel,
including the entire area with the right of way.
Structure" means anything constructed, the use
of which requires permanent locati6n on the
ground, or attachment to something having a
permanent location on the ground.
Structural alteration" means any change in the
structural members of a building, such as walls,
columns, beams or girders.
Yard" means a required open space other than a
court unoccupied and unobstructed by any
structure or portion of a structure from three
feet above the general ground level of the graded
lot upward; provided, accessories, ornaments and
furniture may be permitted in any yard, subject
to height limitations and requirements limiting
obstruction of visibility.
A. Yard, front" means a yard extending between
side lot lines across the front of a lot and
from the front lot line to the front of the
principal building.
B. Yard, rear" means a yard extending between
side lot lines across the rear of a lot and
from the rear lot line to the rear of the
principal building.
C. Yard, side" means a yard extending from the
principal building to the side lot line on
both sides of the principal building between
the lines establishing the front and rear
Zoning Inspector" means the Zoning Inspector of
the Village of Granwille, or his authorized
Zoning Map" means the Zoning Map of the Village
of Granville, together with all amendments
subsequently adopted.
Zoning Certificate" means a document issued by
the Village Manager authorizing buildings,
strudtures or uses consistent with the terms of
this Zoning Ordinance and for the purpose of
carrying out and enforcing its provisions.
I: Existing Section 1135. 01( a) of Chapter 1135 is hereby repealed.
Section I
Ordinance No. 22-89
Page 9
Section III:
Section IV:
Passed this
It is found and determined that all formal
actions of this Council concerning and relating
to the adoption of this ordinance were adopted
in an open meeting of this Council, and that all
deliberations of this Council and of any of its
committees that resulted in such formal action,
were in meetings open to the public, in compliance
with all legal requirements including Section 2.09
of the Granville Village Charter.
This ordinance shall be effective from and after
the earliest date allowed by law.
day of 1989.
Lv*t<1'4A A(VAL
rk of - Council
Law Director

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