WHEREAS, the Village of Granville supports and encourages a smoke-free environment for its residents; and
WHEREAS, in the past twenty-five years more than 1,000 papers and studies have been published about secondhand smoke demonstrating severe and pervasive injury to non smokers exposed to tobacco smoke; and
WHEREAS, the United States Centers for Disease Control states that between 38,000 and 62,000 nonsmoking Americans die every year from exposure to secondhand smoke; and
WHEREAS, secondhand smoke has been shown to contain over 4000 chemical compounds, 200 of which are known poisons including carbon monoxide, arsenic, cyanide, benzene and formaldehyde; and
WHEREAS, secondhand smoke is classified as a "Class A Carcinogen" by the U.S.
Environmental Protection agency and, by definition, there is no safe level of exposure to a Class A Carcinogen; and
WHEREAS, secondhand smoke has been shown to substantially increase the risk of lung
cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, breast cancer, heart disease in adults and sudden infant
death syndrome, asthma and airway disease in children; and
WHEREAS, nonsmoking workers chronically exposed to secondhand smoke are on
average one-third (1/3) more likely to get lung cancer than those who aren't exposed; and
WHEREAS, everyone has the right to breathe clean indoor air in public places and
WHEREAS, no one should be required to risk disease and disability from secondhand
smoke to earn a living; and
WHEREAS, no one should suffer the risk or discomfort of exposure to secondhand smoke while indoors engaging in business, dining or entertainment; and
WHEREAS, everyone, even those made vulnerable because they are young or old or ill
should be able to enter a public place or work within a place of employment without fear
of harm from secondhand smoke; and
WHEREAS, our children deserve to grow up free of the hazards of secondhand smoke;
WHEREAS, Council has determined that it is in the best interest of the residents and
employees within the Village of Granville and their health, welfare and safety to prohibit
smoking in public places and places of employment.
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED by Council of Granville, Ohio, a majority of its elected members concurring, as follows:
SECTION 1: Section 521.10 of the Codified Ordinances is hereby REPEALED;
SECTION 2: Section 521.99 of the Codified Ordinances is hereby AMENDED, and Sections 521.11, 521.12, 521.13, 521.14, 521.15, 521.16 and 521.17 are hereby ENACTED and ADOPTED, and shall read as follows:
521.11 SMOKING PROHIBITIONS IN PUBLIC PLACES
For purposes of this chapter:
(a) “Business” means a sole proprietorship, partnership, association, joint venture, corporation, or any limited liability form of any of the foregoing, or any other entity formed for profit-making purposes, including retail establishments where goods or services are sold as well as professional corporations and other entities where legal, medical, dental, engineering, architectural, financial, counseling or other professional or consumer services are provided.
(b) “Employee” means a person who is employed by an employer, or who contracts with an employer or who contracts with a third person to perform services for an employer, or who otherwise performs services for an employer in consideration for direct or indirect monetary wages or profit, or any person who volunteers his or her services to such employer for no monetary compensation.
(c) “Employer” means an individual person, business, partnership, association, corporation, including a municipal corporation, trust, or any non-profit entity that accepts the provision of services from one or more employees.
(d) “Enclosed Area” means all space closed in by a roof or other overhead covering of any kind and walls or other side coverings of any kind on at least three sides with appropriate openings for ingress and egress.
(e) “Place of Employment” means an enclosed area under the control of a public or private employer that employees normally frequent during the course of employment, including but not limited to, private offices, work areas, employee lounges, restrooms, conference rooms, meeting rooms, classrooms, employee cafeterias, employee gymnasiums, auditoriums, libraries, storage rooms, file rooms, mailrooms, employee medical facilities, rooms or areas containing photocopying or other office equipment used in common by employees, elevators, stairways, hallways, factories, warehouses, garages, laboratories, taxies, limousines, and company-owned vehicles used for a business purpose. An enclosed area as described herein is a “Place of employment” without regard to time of day or actual presence of employees. “Place of employment” only includes private residences, whether single or multifamily, if used as a child care, adult day care, or health care facility, or if a person uses a private residence in any way otherwise qualifying that person as an employer with respect to the use of that private residence; provided, however, that private residences are exempt from this chapter to the extent that the person providing the services is providing housecleaning, home maintenance or personal care services in the private residence.
(f) “Proprietor” means the owner, manager, operator, liquor permit holder, or other person in charge or control of a public place or place of employment.
(g) “Public place” means an enclosed area to which the public is invited or in which the public is permitted and includes service lines. A private residence is not a “public place” unless it is used as a childcare, adult day care, or health care facility.
(h) “Service line” means an indoor line in which one or more persons are waiting for or receiving service of any kind, whether or not the service involves the exchange of money.
(i) “Smoking” means inhaling, exhaling, burning, or carrying any lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe, weed, plant, or other smoking equipment in any manner or in any form. “Smoking” does not include the burning or carrying of incense in a religious ceremony.
(j) “Smoking materials” means any cigar, cigarette, pipe, weed, plant or other smoking equipment in any form.
(k) “Work area” means any room, desk, station or other area normally occupied by an employee while carrying out his or her primary work function.
(l) “Retail tobacco store” means a retail store used primarily for the sale of smoking materials and smoking accessories and in which the sale of other products is incidental. “Retail tobacco store” does not include a tobacco department of a larger commercial establishment such as a department store, discount store, or bar.
(m) “Outdoor patio” means an outdoor area, open to the air at all times, that is either: enclosed by a roof or other overhead covering and not more than two walls or other side coverings; or has no roof or other overhead covering at all regardless of the number of walls or other side coverings.
(a) No proprietor of a public place or place of employment shall permit smoking in said public place or place of employment within the Village of Granville, except as provided in section 521.13 of this chapter.
(b) All enclosed areas, including buildings and vehicles owned, leased, or operated by the Village of Granville, shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter.
(c) All areas immediately adjacent to the ingress and egress of any enclosed area shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter so as to ensure that tobacco smoke does not enter the enclosed area through entrances, windows, ventilation systems, or other means.
521.13 AREAS WHERE SMOKING IS NOT REGULATED BY THIS CHAPTER
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter to the contrary, the following areas shall be exempt from the prohibitions in Section 521.12:
(a) Private residences, except if used as a licensed child care, adult day care, or health care facility, or if a person uses a private residence in any way otherwise qualifying that private residence as a place of employment; provided, however, that private residences are exempt from this chapter to the extent that the person providing services is providing housecleaning, home maintenance, cable or telephone repair or personal care services in the private residence.
(b) Hotel and motel rooms that are rented to guests and are designated as smoking rooms; provided, however, that not more than twenty (20) percent of rooms rented to guests in a hotel or motel may be so designated.
(c) Family-owned and operated businesses in which all employees are related to the owner, and offices of self-employed persons in which all employees are related to the self-employed person, but only if the enclosed areas these businesses and offices occupy are not open to the public, are not in the same building with other enclosed areas subject to this regulation, and smoke from these businesses and offices does not infiltrate into enclosed areas where smoking is prohibited under the provisions of this chapter.
(d) Any home, as defined in Section 3721.10(A) of the Ohio Revised Code, but only to the extent necessary to comply with R.C. 3721.13(A)(18) and rules promulgated according to that section.
(e) Retail tobacco stores as defined in Section 521.11(l) of this chapter in operation prior to the effective date of this ordinance. Any new retail tobacco store or any existing retail tobacco store that relocates to another site may only qualify for this exemption if located in a freestanding structure, solely occupied by the retail tobacco store.
(f) Outdoor patios as defined in Section 521.11(m) of this chapter. If the outdoor patio has a structure capable of being enclosed by walls, covers, solid surface fencing, or tents, regardless of the materials or the removable nature of the walls, covers, solid surface fencing, or tents, the space will be considered enclosed, when the walls, covers, fences, or tents are in place. All outdoor patios shall be physically separated from an enclosed area. If sliding or folding windows or doors or other windows or doors form any part of the border to the outdoor patio, the openings shall be closed to prevent the migration of smoke into the enclosed area. If sliding or folding windows or doors or other windows or doors does not prevent the migration of smoke into the enclosed area, the outdoor patio shall be considered an extension of the enclosed area and subject to the prohibitions of this chapter.
521.14 CONSTRUCTION; OTHER APPLICABLE LAWS
This chapter shall not be interpreted or construed to permit smoking where it is otherwise restricted by other applicable laws, and shall be liberally construed so as to further its purposes.
521.15 DECLARATION OF ESTABLISHMENT AS NONSMOKING
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the owner, manager, operator, liquor permit holder, or other person in charge or control of an establishment, facility, or outdoor area which does not otherwise qualify as a public place or place of employment may declare such establishment, facility, or outdoor area as a nonsmoking place. Smoking shall be prohibited in any place in which a sign conforming to the requirements of Section 521.16 is posted.
521.16 POSTING OF SIGNS; PROHIBITION OF ASHTRAYS; RESPONSIBILITIES OF PROPRIETORS
In addition to the prohibitions contained in Section 521.12 of this chapter, the proprietor of a public place or place of employment shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) “No Smoking” signs or the international “No Smoking” symbol (consisting of a pictorial representation of a burning cigarette enclosed in a red circle with a red bar across it) shall be clearly and conspicuously posted in every public place and place of employment where smoking is prohibited by this chapter. A sign shall be of sufficient size to be clearly legible to one of normal vision throughout the area it is intended to mark. All signs shall contain a telephone number for reporting violations.
(b) Every public place and place of employment where smoking is prohibited by this chapter shall have posted at every entrance a conspicuous sign clearly stating that smoking is prohibited.
(c) All ashtrays and other receptacles used for disposing of smoking materials shall be removed from any area where smoking is prohibited by this chapter unless such ashtrays or receptacles are for ornamental purposes only and are displayed in such a manner so as to preclude their use as receptacles for the disposal of smoking materials.
(d) By June 1, 2005, every employer subject to the provisions of this chapter shall adopt, implement, make known, maintain and update to reflect any changes, a written smoking policy, which shall contain at a minimum the following requirements:
(1) The prohibition of smoking except in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, and a description of the smoking restrictions adopted or implemented.
(2) That (i) no person or employer shall discharge, refuse to hire, or in any manner retaliate against an employee, applicant for employment, or customer because that employee, applicant, or customer exercises any rights afforded by this chapter or reports or attempts to prosecute a violation of this chapter; and (ii) the establishment of a procedure to provide for the adequate redress of any such adverse personnel action taken against an employee in retaliation for that employee’s attempt to exercise his or her rights under this chapter with respect to the place of employment.
(e) Employers shall prominently post the smoking policy in the workplace, and shall, within three weeks of its adoption and any modification, disseminate the policy to all employees, and to new employees when hired.
(f) Employers shall supply a written copy of the smoking policy upon request to any employee or prospective employee.
(g) A copy of the smoking policy shall be provided to the Licking County Board of Health upon request.
(h) This section shall not be construed to permit smoking in any area in which smoking is prohibited pursuant to Section 521.12.
This chapter shall be enforced by the Licking County Board of Health and its designee(s). The Health Commissioner and his or her designee(s), and the Village Manager and his or her designee(s) shall have concurrent jurisdiction to enforce all provisions of this chapter.
If any provision, clause, sentence, or paragraph of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect the other provisions of this chapter that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this chapter are declared to be severable.
(a) Upon the receipt of a first report that a proprietor of a public place or place of employment has violated any provision of Sections 521.11 et seq. of this chapter, the Licking County Board of Health shall issue a warning letter to that proprietor. Thereafter the penalties contained in division (b) of this Section shall apply.
(b) Whoever violates any provision of Sections 521.11 et seq. of this chapter is guilty of the offense of permitting smoking in public places or places of employment. Such offense is a minor misdemeanor, punishable by a maximum fine of one hundred fifty dollars ($150.00).
(c) Strict liability is intended for a violation of Sections 521.11 et seq. of this chapter.
(d) All fines and costs collected as a result of enforcement of the provisions of Sections 521.11 et seq. of this chapter shall be paid directly to the enforcing agency to fund future enforcement and education.
(EDITOR’S NOTE: See Section 501.99 for penalties applicable to any misdemeanor classification.)
SECTION 3: That this ordinance shall take effect from and after the earliest period allowed by law, but shall not be enforced until the communities of Heath, Newark and Granville have all adopted substantially similar ordinances and they are all in effect by operation of law.